Plant Volatiles, Phylogeny & Pollination Biology


  1. Miller, T.J., K.M. Kay, R.A. Raguso. 2013. Novel acquisition of hawkmoth pollinators in Clarkia reduces efficiency, not attraction of diurnal visitors. Annals of Botany: doi:10.1093/aob/mct237.
  2. Doubleday, L.A., R.A. Raguso, C.G. Eckert. 2013. Dramatic vestigialization of floral fragrance across a transition from outcrossing to selfing in Abronia umbellata (Nyctaginaceae). American Journal of Botany 100: 1-13.
  3. Moré, M. A.A. Cocucci, R.A. Raguso. 2013. The importance of oligosulfides in the attraction of fly pollinators to the brood-site deceptive species Jaborosa rotacea (Solanaceae). International Journal of Plant Science 174: 863-876.
  4. Friberg, M., C. Schwind, R.A. Raguso, J.N. Thompson. 2013. Extreme divergence in floral scent among woodland star species (Lithophragma spp.) pollinated by floral parasites. Annals of Botany 111: 539-550.


  1. Steenhuisen, S-L., R.A. Raguso, S.D. Johnson. 2012. Floral scent in bird- and beetle-pollinated Protea species (Proteaceae): Chemistry, emission rates and function. Phytochemistry 74: 78-87.
  2. Parachnowitsch, A.L., R.A. Raguso, A. Kessler. 2012. Phenotypic selection to increase floral scent emission, but not flower size or colour in bee-pollinated Penstemon digitalis. New Phytologist 195: 667-675.


  1. Becklin, K.M., G. Gamez, B. Uelk, R.A. Raguso, C. Galen. Mycorrhizae mediate host plant reproduction through effects on floral signals, pollinator rewards and behavior of floral visitors. 2011. American Journal of Botany 98: 1299–1308.
  2. Jofre, J., B. Goffinet, P. Marino, R.A. Raguso, S.S. Nihei, F. Massardo, R. Rozzi. 2011. First evidence of insect attraction by a Southern Hemisphere Splachnaceae: The case of Tayloria dubyi in the Reserve Biosphere Cape Horn, Chile. Nova Hedwigia 92: 317-326.
  3. Galen, C., R. Kaczorowski, S.L. Todd, J. Geib, R.A. Raguso. 2011. Dosage-dependent impacts of a floral volatile on pollinators, larcenists and the potential for floral evolution in the alpine skypilot,Polemonium viscosum. The American Naturalist 177: 258-272.


  1. Steenhuisen, S-L., R.A. Raguso, A. Jürgens, S.D. Johnson. 2010. Spatial patterns and developmental differences of scent emission in flowerheads of beetle-pollinated Protea species (Proteaceae). South African Journal of Botany 76: 779-787.
  2. Majetic, C., M.D. Rausher, R.A. Raguso. 2010. The pigment-scent connection: do mutations in regulatory vs. structural anthocyanin genes differentially alter floral scent production in Ipomoea purpurea? South African Journal of Botany 76: 632-642.
  3. Artz, D.R., C.A. Villagra, R.A. Raguso. 2010. Spatiotemporal variation in the reproductive ecology of two parapatric subspecies of Oenothera cespitosa(Onagraceae). American Journal of Botany 97: 1498-1510.
  4. Jofre, J., F. Massardo, R. Rozzi, B. Goffinet, P. Marino, RA. Raguso, N. P. Navarro. 2010. Fenología reproductiva del musgo Tayloria dubyi en las turberas dela Reserva de Biosfera Cabo de Hornos: un caso de interacción entre musgo, dípterous y aves. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 83: 195-206.


  1. Goodrich, K.R., R.A. Raguso. 2009. The olfactory component of floral display in Asimina and Deeringothamnus (Annonaceae). New Phytologist 183: 457-469.
  2. Wiemer, A., M. Moré, S. Benítez-Vieyra, A. Cocucci, R.A. Raguso, A. Sérsic. 2009. A simple floral fragrance and unusual osmophore structure in Cyclopogon elatus (Orchidaceae). Plant Biology 11: 506-514.
  3. Schlumpberger, B.O., A.A. Cocucci, M. Moré, A. Sércic, R.A. Raguso. 2009. Extreme variation in floral characters and its consequences for pollinator attraction among populations of an Andean cactus. Annals of Botany 103: 1489-1500.
  4. Majetic, C.J., R.A. Raguso, T-L. Ashman. 2009. The sweet smell of success: floral scent affects pollinator attraction and seed fitness in Hesperis matronalis. Functional Ecology 23: 480-487.
  5. Marino, P., R.A. Raguso, B. Goffinet. 2009. The ecology and evolution of fly-dispersed dung mosses (Splachnaceae): manipulating insect behaviour through odour and visual cues. Symbiosis 47: 61-76.


  1. Chess, S.K.R., R.A. Raguso, G. LeBuhn. 2008. Geographic divergence in floral morphology and scent in Linanthus dichotomus(Polemoniaceae). American Journal of Botany 95: 1652-1659.
  2. Majetic, C.J., R.A. Raguso, T.-L. Ashman. 2008. The impact of biochemistry vs. population membership on floral scent profiles in colour polymorphic Hesperis matronalis. Annals of Botany 102: 911-922.
  3. Schlumpberger, B.O., R.A. Raguso. 2008. Geographic variation in floral scent of Echinopsis ancistrophora(Cactaceae); evidence for constraints on hawkmoth attraction. Oikos 117: 801-814.


  1. Theis, N.B., M. Lerdau, R.A. Raguso. 2007. The challenge of attracting pollinators while evading floral herbivores: Patterns of fragrance emission in Cirsium arvense and Cirsium repandum (Asteraceae). International Journal of Plant Science 168: 587-601.
  2. Majetic, C.J., R.A. Raguso, S.J. Tonsor, T.L. Ashman. 2007. Flower color-flower scent associations in polymorphic Hesperis matronalis (Brassicaceae). Phytochemistry 68: 865-874.
  3. Raguso, R.A., A. Kelber, M. Pfaff, R.A. Levin, L.A. McDade. 2007. Floral biology of North American Oenothera sect. Lavauxia (Onagraceae): Advertisements, rewards and extreme variation in floral depth. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 94: 236-257.


  1. Ollerton, J., R.A. Raguso. 2006. The sweet stench of decay. New Phytologist 172: 382-385.
  2. Svensson, G.P., O. Pellmyr, R.A. Raguso. 2006. Strong conservation of floral scent composition in two allopatric Yuccas. Journal of Chemical Ecology 32: 2657-2665.
  3. Raguso, R.A., B.O. Schlumpberger, R.L. Kaczorowski, T.P. Holtsford. 2006. Phylogenetic fragrance patterns in Nicotiana sections Alatae and Suaveolentes. Phytochemistry 67: 1931-1942.
  4. Goodrich, K.R., M.L. Zjhra, C.A. Ley, R.A. Raguso. 2006. When flowers smell fermented: the chemistry and ontogeny of yeasty floral scent in pawpaw (Asimina triloba: Annonaceae). International Journal of Plant Science 167: 33-46.


  1. Theis, N.B, R.A. Raguso. 2005. The effect of pollination on floral fragrance in thistles (Cirsium, asteraceae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 31: 2581-2600.
  2. Svensson, G.P., M.O. Hickman, S. Bartram, W. Boland, O. Pellmyr, R.A. Raguso. 2005. Chemistry and geographic variation of floral scent in Yucca filamentosa (Agavaceae). American Journal of Botany 92:1624-1631.
  3. Ashman, T.L., M. Bradburn, D.H. Cole, B.H. Blaney, R.A. Raguso. 2005. The scent of a male: the role of floral volatiles in pollination of a gender dimorphic plant. Ecology 86: 2099-2105.


  1. Knudsen, J.T., L. Tollsten, I. Groth, L.G. Bergström, R.A. Raguso. 2004. Trends of floral scent in pollination syndromes: Hummingbird pollinated plants. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 46:191-199.
  2. Raguso. R.A. 2004. Why are some floral nectars scented? Ecology 85: 1486-1494.
  3. Raguso, R.A. 2004. Why do flowers smell? The chemical ecology of fragrance-driven pollination. Pp.151-178 in: Cardé, R.T. and Millar, J.G., eds. “Advances in Insect Chemical Ecology”. Cambridge University Press.


  1. Raguso, R.A., C. Henzel, S.L. Buchmann, G.P. Nabhan. 2003. Trumpet flowers of the Sonoran Desert: Floral biology of Peniocereus cacti and Sacred Datura. International Journal of Plant Biology 164: 877-892.
  2. Levin, R.A., L.A. McDade, R.A. Raguso. 2003. The systematic utility of floral and vegetative fragrance in two genera of Nyctaginaceae. Systematic Biology 52: 334-351.
  3. Raguso, R.A., R. A. Levin, S.E. Foose, M.W. Holmberg, L.A. McDade. 2003. Fragrance chemistry, nocturnal rhythms and pollination “syndromes” in Nicotiana. Phytochemistry 63: 265-284.


  1. Levin, R.A., R.A. Raguso, L.A. McDade. 2001. Fragrance chemistry and pollinator affinities in Nyctaginaceae. Phytochemistry 58: 429-440.


  1. Odell, E., R.A. Raguso, K.N. Jones. 1999. Bumblebee foraging at snapdragon flowers (Antirrhinum:Scrophulariaceae): responses to variation in floral color and scent. American Midlands Naturalist 142: 257-265.


  1. Raguso, R.A., B. Roy. 1998. “Floral” scent production by Puccinia rust fungi that mimic flowers. Molecular Ecology 7: 1127-1136.


  1. Raguso, R.A., E. Pichersky. 1995. Floral volatiles of Clarkia breweri and C. concinna(Onagraceae): recent evolution of floral aroma and moth pollination. Plant Systematics and Evolution 194: 55-67.